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Inca Trail Itineraries/Cusco Peru

The Inca road system was the most extensive and highly advanced transportation system in pre-Columbian South America. The network was based on two north-south roads, with numerous branches. The best known portion of the road system is the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.

Main routes
The eastern route ran high in the puna and mountain valleys from Quito, Ecuador to Mendoza, Argentina. The western route followed the coastal plain except in coastal deserts where it hugged the foothills. More than twenty routes ran over the western mountains, while others traversed the eastern cordillera in the mountains and lowlands. Some of these roads reach heights of over 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) above sea level. The trails connected the regions of the Inca empire from the northern provincial capital in Quito, Ecuador past the modern city of Santiago, Chile in the south. The Inca road system linked together about 40,000 kilometres (25,000 mi) of roadway and provided access to over 3,000,000 square kilometres (1,200,000 sq mi) of territory.

Situated between 500 to 800 metres (1,600 to 2,600 ft) above sea level, this monumental road, which could reach 20 metres (66 ft) in width, connected populated areas, administrative centers, agricultural and mining zones as well as ceremonial centers and sacred spaces.

These roads provided easy, reliable and quick routes for the Empire's civilian and military communications, personnel movement, and logistical support. The prime users were imperial soldiers, porters and llama caravans, along with the nobility and individuals on official duty. Permission was required before others could walk along the roads, and tolls were charged at some bridges. Although the Inca roads varied greatly in scale, construction and appearance, for the most part they varied between about 1 to 4 metres (3.3 to 13 ft) in width.

Much of the system was the result of the Incas claiming exclusive right over numerous traditional routes, some of which had been built centuries earlier. Many new sections were built or upgraded substantially: through Chile's Atacama desert, and along the western margin of Lake Titicaca, serve as two examples.

The Qhapaq Ñan (English: Great Inca Road, or Main Andean Road, and meaning "the beautiful road") constituted the principal north-south highway of the Inca Empire traveling 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi) along the spine of the Andes.

The Qhapaq Ñan unified this immense and heterogeneous empire through a well-organized political system of power. It allowed the Inca to control his Empire and to send troops as needed from the capital, Cusco.

The most important Inca road was the Camino Real, as it is known in Spanish, with a length of 5,200 kilometres (3,200 mi)). It began in Quito, Ecuador, passed through Cusco, and ended in what is now Tucumán, Argentina. The Camino Real traversed the mountain ranges of the Andes, with peak altitudes of more than 5,000 m (16,000 ft). El Camino de la Costa, the coastal trail, with a length of 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi), ran parallel to the sea and was linked with the Camino Real by many smaller routes.
Machu Picchu itself was far off the beaten path, and served as a royal estate populated by the ruling Inca and several hundred servants. It required regular infusions of goods and services from Cusco and other parts of the empire. This is evidenced by the fact that there are no large government storage facilities at the site. A 1997 study concluded that the site's argicultural potential would not have been sufficient to support residents, even on a seasonal basis.

The routes to Machu Picchu are only small real and sacred paths crossed it was notpopular people.
The following itineraries are the most famous and those who are most frequented by visitors:


To Machu Picchu Inca Trail 4 days (Most popular)
This tour lasts 4 days, including a step of 4200 meters, so you need to be 03 days before in Cusco to acclimatize to the altitude. The trek begins today at km 82 (Piscacucho). The first three days is walk around 6 or 7 hours. ABC this depends on the amount of people who have in their group, it is suggested that the group is smaller because it helps bettersling hectic of the walk. (the number of group participants often have different rates of walking, ABEC this is a problem for fast walking or for those that do it slowly) the last day,walking just 02 hours and is ready to visit Machu Picchu fully.






Tour sumary:

Day 1: Cusco to Wayllabamba
Day 2: Wayllabamba to Pacamayo - Dead Woman's Pass
Day 3: Pacamayo to Winaywayna
Day 4: Winaywayna - Machu Picchu - Cusco

Times and Distances (aproximately)


DAY 01-Total distance: 12 km (7,47 miles)
Estimated walking time: 5-6 hours
Maximum altitude point: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
DAY 02.-Total distance: 11 km (6,84 miles)
Estimated walking time: 6-7 hours
Maximum altitude point: 4,200 m (13,776 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,500 m (11,480 ft)

DAY 03.-Total distance: 16 km (9,94 miles)
Estimated walking time: 8 hours
Maximum altitude point: 3,900 m (12,792 ft)
Campsite altitude: 2,650 m (8,692 ft)

DAY 04.-Total distance: 4 km (2,49 miles)
Estimated walking time: 2 hours
Maximum altitude point: 2,700 m (8,829 ft)
Campsite altitude: 2,400 m (7,872 ft)


Short Inca Trail To Machu Picchu 02 days
If your time is limited or physical force, but you still want to feel what it is to walk to MachuPicchu, this is a good option. You take the train at 6.30 am in the Cusco and continue until km 104. From there, the walk begins at km 104 to Wiñaywayna, about 3 hours. Many likethis ride, but the climb is quite steep at times but for the green area this is enjoyable. do not forget to drink plenty of water, especially in sunny climates. 3 hours the second you walk up to Machu Picchu and then take a bus down to Aguas Calientes where you will rest.
In previous years (Some groups of tourists spent the night here, either in tents or in a hostel dormitory style based on an any case the rules changed). Then wake up early in themorning to catch a bus that took him to Machu Picchu, some prefer to walk 45 minutes toclimb to pie.este tour has the advantage of seeing Machu Picchu twice, and at least sleep in the decent bed and not getting up at 4 am to make it to Machu Picchu.
Price for this trip is at least USD240 As an important part of this payment is train ticketsare still very expensive.


Tour sumary:

Day 1: Cusco to km104 / Chachabamba/Wiñayhuayna/Aguas Calientes.
Day 2: Machu picchu/Cusco

Times and Distances (aproximately)


DAY 01-Total distance: 4 km
Estimated walking time: 5-6 hours
Maximum altitude point: 2,850 m
Campsite altitude: 2500 m (Aguas Calientes Village Hotel)

DAY 02.-Total distance: 3 km by Bus
Estimated walking time: 2 hours (optional)
Maximum altitude point: 2850 Machu picchu


To Inca Trail Salkantay to Machupicchu 7 days
This trip combines trekking in the mountains of Salkantay (apu guardian of the Incas) with the famous Inca Trail and Machu Picchu. Highly recommended because of the 4 days you walk into a beautiful landscape, almost no other tourists. On day 5, joins the classical Inca Trail to Machu Picchu later.



Tour Sumary:

DAY 01: Cusco -Mollepata-Marckokasa
DAY 02 : Marcokasa-Sorayapampa
DAY 03 : Inca chiriasca step- Sisaypampa
DAY 04: Sisaypampa- Canal Inca- Paucar cancha.
DAY 05 : Paucar cancha-Wayllabamba-Pacaymayu
DAY 06 : Sayacmarca- Phuyupatamarca-wiñayhuayna
DAY 07: Intipunku Machu picchu- Cusco

Times and Distances (aproximately)

DAY 01-Total distance: 10km (6,47 miles)
Estimated walking time: 4-5 hours
Maximum altitude point: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,500 m (10,840 ft)

DAY 02.-Total distance: 9 km (5.84 miles)
Estimated walking time: 4-5 hours
Maximum altitude point: 3650m (11,776 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,500 m (11,480 ft)

DAY 03.-Total distance: 10 km (6,47 miles)
Estimated walking time: 5 hours
Maximum altitude point: 4,870 m (12,792 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,650 m (8,692 ft)

DAY 04.-Total distance: 10 km (6.47 miles)
Estimated walking time: 4,5hours
Maximum altitude point: 3.200 m (8,829 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,100 m (7,872 ft)

DAY 05.-Total distance: 11 km (6,84 miles)
Estimated walking time: 6-7 hours
Maximum altitude point: 4,200 m (13,776 ft)
Campsite altitude: 3,500 m (11,480 ft)

DAY 06.-Total distance: 16 km (9,94 miles)
Estimated walking time: 8 hours
Maximum altitude point: 3,900 m (12,792 ft)
Campsite altitude: 2,650 m (8,692 ft)

DAY 07.-Total distance: 4 km (2,49 miles)
Estimated walking time: 2 hours
Maximum altitude point: 2,700 m (8,829 ft)
Campsite altitude: 2,400 m (7,872 ft)

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